While the business aviation industry in Europe

While the concern air power industry in Europe has been turning at a healthy rate over the last few old ages, runing a corporate concern jet into a chief hub airdrome in the United Kingdom or Continental Europe presents important challenges. These challenges, compared to alternate locations for runing a corporate concern jet, such as smaller airdromes and landing fields, make operating in a chief hub an unfavourable concern determination. First, nevertheless, some background information on corporate concern jet operations:

Small in private chartered jets are used by corporations, authoritiess, and affluent persons. The aircraft may be rented, owned outright, or partly owned under a fractional aircraft ownership understanding, which have become progressively popular in the last few old ages. Companies such as Warren Buffet’s NetJets, the industry leader in fractional ownership, have made private air travel more convenient for corporations by supplying them with on demand entree to airplanes at locations around the universe. [ 1 ]

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The figure of European corporate concern aircraft is expected to increase at an one-year rate of 4 % over the following decennary, taking to over 1,000 extra day-to-day flights and over 1,000,000 flights yearly. [ 2 ]

There are many grounds for a corporation to go on a corporate airplane: there are about no authorities ordinances on what can be carried on the airplane ; valuable clip is saved, as riders do non necessitate to get hours prior to departure to wait in long check-in and security lines ; it is frequently cheaper to rent a corporate jet for a group than to buy first category tickets for the group on a commercial air hose ; there is greater flexibleness in altering flight times and finishs ; and corporate jets have entree to more airdromes than commercial air hoses. Clearly, going on corporate aircraft is convenient and frequently makes fiscal sense. What, so, are the challenges that would maintain corporate concern jet companies from seeking to run in a chief hub airdrome?

The most notable challenges confronting corporate concern jet companies result from the current regulative environment of Europe’s air power industry. There are three issues which fall under this ordinance, security, entree to airdromes, and airdrome charges.

First of wholly, the events of September 11, 2001 dramatically wedged security within the air power industry. Security has become a top precedence for authorities functionaries every bit good as air hoses and airdrome operators, demonstrated by the constitution of civil air power security regulations through Regulation EC 2320 passed by The European Parliament in 2002. [ 3 ] Once a rider running tardily could still board a flight if the airplane had non left the jetway, today, some flights refuse to board riders up to thirty proceedingss prior to scheduled going. Recent terrorist menaces have caused all liquids, including bottled H2O, to be banned from flights. Given the concern over security, any corporate jet and its riders winging into or out of a major hub airdrome would be capable to the same strict and frequently clip devouring security steps as all commercial airplanes and riders. A hub airdrome would endanger its full security attempt by take downing security criterions for corporate jet riders. As a consequence, runing at a hub airdrome would take away from the benefit of salvaging clip and the convenience of limited carry on limitations.

Additionally all air hoses runing at an airdrome contribute to paying the cost of increased security criterions. While in the United States the security fee is the same at all airdromes because they are authorities regulated, European airdromes are often owned and operated by private companies who set their ain security fees, which frequently vary between airdromes.

The European Commission regulates the entree air hoses and airplane operators have to slots at an airdrome. Presently many slots have been grandfathered, giving those who have historically had entree to slots continued entree to them, to the hurt of new entrants to the market. Slot restrictions are an of import challenge to corporate concern jet operators who want to get down runing at a hub airdrome where they or one of their spouse companies do non already hold a presence.

In add-on to bing slots, there is argument brewing between the air hose industry, authorities, and environmental groups about how to apportion future slots. Environmental groups, concerned with high degrees of air traffic around major airdromes, and the resulting C dioxide emanations and noise they claim is caused by increased air traffic, would prefer air traffic to be spread across many of Europe’s smaller airdromes, alternatively of being concentrated at major hubs. In 2002 the Institute for Public Policy Research produced a study proposing that slots be auctioned off, nevertheless, the limited figure of available slots would make a ferocious conflict for auctioned slots, which could monetary value corporate concern jet operators out of the market, their concern theoretical account can non prolong slot costs equal to those paid by multi-billion dollar commercial air hoses. [ 4 ]

The last regulative challenge is airport charges. Corporate air power can non vie successfully at hub airdromes if required to pay the same fees as commercial air hoses. Corporate concern jet operators’ concern theoretical account is frequently overlooked or non understood and assumed to be the same as commercial air hoses, doing fiscal viability at a hub airdrome improbable. Denationalization of European airdromes is on the rise, taking to a quasi free market on airdrome charges such as landing fees, parking fees, Fixed Base Operation ( FBO ) costs, and security costs. Hub airdromes have limited enlargement chances because of geographical limitations and authorities ordinances and so left to market forces, demand for infinite coupled with private ownership of airdromes has lead to quickly increasing airdrome charges. [ 5 ] Landing fees are the most important and there has been a recent tendency of dramatic additions in these fees across European airdromes. For case, Aeroports de Paris, proprietor of Paris’ three airdromes, increased fees 26 % over the last five old ages at Charles de Gaulle. [ 6 ] During a recent address Jack Pelton, CEO of Cessna Aircraft Co. , spoke about the injury increasing landing fees have on concern air power, stating it puts corporate jet operators, “on a par with commercial airlines.” Landing fees represent a serious hindrance to entry into a hub airdrome for corporate jet operators. [ 7 ]

Parking fees are besides of peculiar concern. Commercial air hoses agendas require speedy turnaround times, they land, deplane, clean the aircraft, board new riders, and depart, busying infinite for a limited clip. Corporate airplanes do non run on a agenda, instead they operate on demand, when their clients necessitate them, taking to downtimes when a parking fee must be paid to stay at the airdrome until the airplane is needed once more.

Fixed Base Operation costs are an extra concern at hub airdromes. At smaller airdromes corporate concern jet operators have more flexibleness and pick over who provides airdrome managing services, at hub airdromes they are limited to the FBO’s that have contracts with the airdrome, leting less pick and frequently ensuing in high costs.

The barriers to entry into a hub airdrome are significant and options should be considered. Most corporate concern jet operators presently use smaller airdromes and landing fields located merely outside of major metropoliss. There are challenges to runing at these locations every bit good, such as environmental and noise ordinances and deficient substructure, but the benefits far outweigh the challenges, particularly when compared to the challenges faced at hub airdromes. Smaller airports supply convenience to clients, as they are non capable to the loss of clip or security steps of hub airdromes. Travel to and from smaller airdromes outside of metropolitan countries is frequently easier, extinguishing most traffic congestion concerns. [ 8 ] Smaller airdromes are frequently underutilized, offering greater entree to slots and well lower airdrome fees.

In shutting, the challenges to runing a corporate concern jet into a hub airdrome are considerable and hard to get the better of. Smaller airports provide greater growing and net income chances for corporate jet operators.


Airport charges. London: Financial Times, March 8, 2002. pg. 18

Alcock, C.EU will remain the class on security ordinances. Aviation International News: October 2006

Dubois, T.As 6th EBACE clears, concern air power battles misconceptions. Aviation International News: May 2006

Esler, D.Spine Daze: The High Cost of Operating in Europe. Business & A ; Commercial Aviation: New York, July 2003

Jacob, R.Faster path in and out of airdromes. London: Financial Times, Oct 11, 2003.

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London: Financial Times, August 9, 2002.

Mortished, C.Airport proprietors must be brought down to earth. London: The Times, May 31, 2006

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Regulation ( EC ) No 793/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 April 2004.


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