Discuss The Meaning Of Hero Throughout History History Essay
As cultural diverseness spreads throughout the whole universe, nowadays symbol “ hero ” itself is sing a assortment of definitions. At present, hero like demigod, batman and Mr. Incredible, can be a supernatural character winning over the evil and hardships ; Hero can be a typical figure who contributes much to advancement of human society, like Albert Einstein and Abraham Lincoln ; Hero can besides be one who is contending challenges and doing unbelievable accomplishments, for case, Helen Keller and Nick Vujicic. The environment where a hero appears can be political countries, workplace and even narrow streets. Topographic point and location are about non a limitation to the visual aspect of a hero. On the contrary, in the ancient Greece narrated in Iliad by Homer, the major environment for a hero is battlegrounds. Merely as the etymology reveals, the word “ hero ” came from the Greek, with the original significance of “ defender ” or “ guardian ” [ 2 ] . Therefore, it is non amazing that heroes in Trojan War, like Achilles, Agamemnon and Ajax, are all distinguishable warriors and ground forces leaders, whose major awards are acquired by killing 1000s of enemies, assailing inviolable metropoliss and capturing 100s of slaves. Their experiences are normally filled with charming personal businesss and incredible narratives. Taking Achilles as an illustration, when he was merely born, he was held by heel dipped into river “ Styx ” to mend the lesions. As a effect, he obtained impregnability but left vulnerable at merely the heel [ 3 ] . Although Achilles could non avoid being eventually killed by an pointer to his heel after the terminal of Trojan War, he was peerlessly courageous and took another hero, Hector ‘s Life for retribution. Despite that such a narrative may be an hyperbole of the power and immortality of heroes ; it at least reflects general populace ‘s outlooks of a hero in ancient Greece.
The heroes of ancient Grecian kind are nevertheless, casted out or in abasement to some grade. This sentiment might be objected with the ground that most parts of universe are in peace. However, George H.W. Bush and his boy have non been widely accepted as heroes for their determinations and public presentation in Gulf War and Iraq War. Alternatively, George W. Bush has been often criticized for his engaging a war against Iraq without a believable alibi and a clear head. And he was even accused of perpetrating war offense by some Americans and Europeans [ 4 ] . Obviously, a war leader is non a hero any more in modern-day universe. A more sensible cause taking to such a alteration could be the alternation of people ‘s political orientation. Compared with fancy and courageous Greek warriors, heroes in modern society or in modern-day political orientation are more closely related to mundane life and ordinary people. Though supernatural figures, like demigod and batman are still treated as heroes, most of them appear in the films, Television series or cartoon strips. Nowadays, hero can often be ordinary people without any supernatural capablenesss in specific fortunes, who win over all the challenges, fulfill their undertakings or make their finishs. Rather than confronting decease and enemies, what heroes today brush is tough undertakings, mission impossible, suffering state of affairs or strong and about unbeatable powers. They fight against the hardships and battle to last. Most of the clip, modern-day heroes use intelligence and slippery methods, instead than physical power or supernatural abilities, to prevail.
Another noticeable difference between heroes in these two different epochs is the alterations or the effects they bring to the universe. The symbol “ hero ” in modern-day political orientation represents a power to better the universe, while the heroes in ancient Grecian systems may be non a good individual from the position of the whole human existences. In Iliad, it mentioned Achilles by “ Sing Goddess, of the fury, of Achilles the accurst fury, which brought hurting to 1000s of the Achaeans ” [ 5 ] . Achilles, as a super hero in the Trojan War, brought war and hurting of losing life and household members to both Trojan People and Grecian people. His choler over the decease of his cousin, Patroclus, led to an insane retaliation. He killed a considerable figure of people, but still kept on seeking for Hector, the liquidator of his cousin. He said that the rage made him “ drudge ( Hector ‘s ) flesh off and eat ( Hector ‘s ) altogether ” [ 5 ] . Actually, such insanity after the decease of Hector caused a more ferocious struggle between the Trojan people and the Greeks. As a consequence, more and more guiltless people died merely because of a bantam indecent matter that had about nil to make with them. When turning to heroes today, the narratives seem more nice and positive. No affair what the occupation he is taking, how much money he has made and how much political power he is keeping, a hero at present represents a positive and upstream force, which leads and pushes the development of the whole universe. Aung San Suu Kyi, as a symbol of continuously trailing freedom and equality, had been house arrested for more than 15 old ages in the last 20 old ages. She gave up the chance of run intoing her household and acquiring a lasting personal freedom by go forthing her place state. All she runs after is a truly freedom and equality of all Burmese people. She had the chances to originate a public violence or a protest against the current authorities by force. But she did non take to do it in that manner. Alternatively, she hoped to make a echt duologue or treatment with all parties involved to accomplish an understanding. She hopes that Burmese people can obtain a happy life with such a peaceable method. To acknowledge her extraordinary attempts in development of civil rights in East Asia, she was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1991 [ 6 ] . Compared with Achilles, Aung San Suu Kyi seems to be the other utmost terminal, while the Burmese swayers seem to be playing the portion of Achilles today. Rather than being respected as heroes, they have received critics from different parties and are widely treated as atrociousnesss all over the universe. More significantly, force and weaponries power are accepted as icons of immorality by general populace. Almost everything related to army and war is treated slightly negative and unpleasant ; possibly because most states spare no attempt to advance the importance of peace. Affected by the alterations in people ‘s political orientation, it is seldom seen that a general or a warrior who brought pandemonium to the universe, is widely accepted as hero.
In the facet of personality, heroes today appear to be more “ perfect ” than ancient Grecian heroes. In the media, heroes today hide the negative sides of themselves from the general populace. In public sentiments, Bill Gates is a hero of Information Industry. All the intelligence and studies talked about his calling, success and his charity classs. He is seldom mentioned of his personal life and personality, though. Most people have non even heard of his negative information ; state for illustration, Gates had a job in obeying traffic Torahs. Gates was arrested in 1975, 1977 and 1989 for driving without a licence and driving rummy. [ 7 ] Similarly, Barack Obama is treated as a hero for his being the first African American President of United States. To many American citizens, particularly African Americans, he is a perfect individual. And President Obama has about ne’er been involved in any negative intelligence. But it seems that the minority of people care about his smoke wont. Compared with the heroes today, Ancient Greek heroes seemed less idealistic. Agamemnon, the commanding officer of the Grecian ground forces in the Trojan War, though non as brave and powerful as Achilles, he fought himself and conducted a epic public presentation in the battleground. He was doubtless accepted as a hero. But at the same clip, Iliad did non cover the facts that a hero can perpetrate mistakes. Agamemnon was described by Homer as a average individual, an chesty leader, and a cruel male parent. He took away the darling adult female of Achilles to demo off his authorization and prima place, which dishonored Achilles and subsequently led to the backdown of Achilles. He sacrificed his girl Iphigenia to pacify the goddess Artemis, which led to general populace ‘s sentiment that he was cold blooded [ 8 ] . It seems that antediluvian Greek heroes were faultier than the heroes today. It is instead hard to accomplish a speedy determination why heroes in these two distinguished centuries are treated so otherwise. Two possible grounds are raised in this essay. The first 1 may be that the media today is manipulated by the powers or the authoritiess to some grade. Media today is better named propaganda, instead than its original term. General populace are shown ideal and perfect icons of Information Age, political powers or other possible Fieldss, when the figures of heroes are established. To set it simple, general populace is manipulated to hear and see the narratives and backgrounds of a hero from monophonic music instead than polyphonic music. Peoples can non easy happen a book or a study adverting the dark side of a hero which describes as many facts as Iliad. General populace may even non cognize there are dark sides of those well-known heroes. This ground might explicate why heroes today are so idealistic all throughout the universe, which is every bit unbelievable as a fairy narrative. Another ground could be that the alteration in general populace ‘s perceptual experiences has resulted in indifference on the personal and private life of a hero. Peoples do non care about the personal personal businesss of a hero any more, instead than non being cognizant of. What they simply need is a well-established illustration to larn from, instead than a existent individual to cognize or do friend with. In other word, heroes in modern-day political orientation are treated as graven images, and general public imitate what a hero bash, taking at a self-improvement. Compared with modern-day heroes, those in ancient Greece are more like ordinary people, since they have feelings and mistakes. Whatever the true ground is, the phenomenon is seemingly observed in the comparing between heroes in two epochs.
To reason, different facets of symbol “ hero ” in modern-day universe and in Ancient Greece are compared in this essay. The symbol “ hero ” has changed softly in range of definitions and personalities. It seems that modern-day heroes have a more broadened range of definitions, no affair in environment of visual aspect or alterations brought to the universe, while traditional heroes in ancient Greek are less idealistic, because of the ordinary personalities they possess.
[ 1 ] M. Mark & A ; C. Pearson, the Hero and the Criminal: Building Extraordinary Brands through the Power of Archetypes, New York, McGraw-Hill Professional, 2001, pp 105-113
[ 2 ] . Wikipedia, Hero, [ Online ] . Available: hypertext transfer protocol: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hero
[ 3 ] Wikipedia, Achilles heel, [ Online ] . Available: hypertext transfer protocol: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Achilles_heel # cite_note-0
[ 4 ] BBC News ( 2004 ) , Bush ‘Plotted Iraq War from Start ‘ , [ Online ] . Available: hypertext transfer protocol: //news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/3387941.stm
[ 5 ] Wikipedia, Achilles, [ Online ] . Available: hypertext transfer protocol: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Achilles
[ 6 ] Wikipedia, Aung San Suu Kyi, [ Online ] . Available: hypertext transfer protocol: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aung_San_Suu_Kyi # Nobel_Peace_Prize
[ 7 ] About.com, Crime/Punishment: Bill Gates, [ Online ] . Available: hypertext transfer protocol: //crime.about.com/od/famousdiduno/ig/celebrity_mugshots/gatesbill.htm
[ 8 ] Wikipedia, Agamemnon, [ Online ] . Available: hypertext transfer protocol: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agamemnon